Preventing the Development of Struggling Readers: Comprehension Instruction in the Science Classroom
Keywords:comprehension, think-aloud, prevention, science, literacy, kindergarten
Comprehension of text is developmental in that it begins with a child’s ability to listen and make sense of language. Though listening comprehension is often the predecessor towards reading comprehension; some children maintain difficulties in listening comprehension throughout schooling and into adulthood. Scaffolding plays an important part of a student’s learning, as teachers can gradually extend a student’s ability to understand texts of increasing difficulty and abstract content. The direct instruction of comprehension strategies such as the think-aloud facilitate the development of listening and reading comprehension simultaneously. This quasi-experimental study investigated the effectiveness of using a think-aloud strategy to improve students’ reading comprehension in science within a kindergarten classroom. Results depict that using think-alouds as a during-reading activity significantly increases a student’s comprehension in science class as compared to the control group. Findings provide relevant information about employing think-alouds as an instructional tool for teachers in the primary grade levels.
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